Effect of reaction temperature The temperature of the hydrothermal reaction affected greatly not only the reaction (going or not) but Selleckchem TPCA-1 also the reaction rate (slow or fast). Additional file 1: Figure S1 shows the TEM images of the as-prepared
samples at different reaction temperatures. No Temozolomide concentration hollow-structure products appeared if the temperature T < 230°C in our experiments. The morphology and size of nanocrystals became difficult to control when the temperature was up to 260°C or higher because the higher the temperature was, the faster the reaction rate was. When T = 255°C, the quality of the obtained SiO2 · Re2O3 HSs was always poor. The experiments verify that the moderate temperature was 250°C. Effect of Re3+ ion and its concentration It was reported that Na2SO4 and NaCl were advantageous to HSS formation  and the work matter was Na+ cation, which was in line with our experimental data. Hereby, we investigated the synthesis of HSSs under different rare-earth ions and bivalent cations. In order to get uniform hollow structures, the optimal concentration of the rare-earth ions was usually kept in the range of 0.04 Vadimezan ic50 to 0.08 mol/L. The experimental data and TEM images are depicted in Additional file 1: Table S1 and
Figure S2. The concentration less than 0.03 mol/L resulted in poor quality in production, and the concentration greater than 0.08 mol/L always led to products with not all having a hollow structure. The experiments showed that the lower or higher concentration of Re3+ ions was not good for HSS formation and 0.06 mol/L was the optimal concentration. Although the SiO2 · Re2O3 HSs were obtained based on the rare-earth ion assistance strategy, their PJ34 HCl quality was quite different under assistance of different kinds of rare-earth ions. By keeping other reaction conditions unchanged such as the pH value of the solution, reaction time, and
reaction temperature, the influence of different Re3+ ions (Re = Y, Eu, La, Sm, Tb, Pr) on the structure of the as-prepared products was investigated (see Additional file 1: Table S2 and Figure S4). Additional file 1: Figure S4 clearly shows that the influence sequence of Re3+ was as follows: Eu3 + ≈ Sm3 + > Y3 + > Pr3 + ≈ La3 + > Tb3 +. Nearly all of the as-prepared samples were hollow spheres with good quality under the effect of Eu3+ and Sm3+ existence, and the experiments showed good reproducibility and satisfactory results. With Y3+, Pr3+, and La3+ ions included, all of the products always formed a mixture of HSSs and core/shell structure. Furthermore, all of the samples can be formed into a hollow sphere if the reaction time is prolonged, but the yield of HSSs was lower. Only a small amount of HSs could be obtained with Tb3+ existence. The experiments indicated that changing the reaction time did not work.