At the age of 20 and 23, both of them underwent

At the age of 20 and 23, both of them underwent PU-H71 inhibitor the surgical excision of a papillary

thyroid carcinoma, 20 and 17 years after the radiotherapeutic treatment, respectively.\n\nRadioinduced thyroid tumours are a well-recognised nosographic entities due to the particular sensitivity of this gland to ionising radiations. However, only a few papers on radioinduced thyroid neoplasms after CNS irradiation have been published in the literature. We report on two additional cases of thyroid neoplasms following childhood CNS irradiation for the treatment of a posterior fossa medulloblastoma.”
“For individuals who are blind, navigating independently in an unfamiliar environment represents a considerable challenge. Inspired by the rising popularity of video games, we have developed a novel approach to train navigation and spatial cognition skills in adolescents who are blind. Audio-based Environment Simulator (AbES) is a software application

that allows for the virtual exploration of an existing building set in an action video game metaphor. Using this ludic-based approach to learning, we investigated the ability and efficacy of adolescents with early onset blindness to acquire spatial information gained from the exploration of a target virtual indoor environment. Following game play, participants were assessed on their ability to transfer and mentally manipulate acquired spatial information on a set of navigation tasks carried out in the real environment. Success in transfer of navigation skill performance was markedly high suggesting that interacting check details with AbES leads to the generation of an accurate spatial mental representation. Furthermore, there was a positive correlation between success in game play and navigation task performance. The role of virtual environments and gaming in the development of mental spatial representations is also discussed. We conclude that this game based learning approach can facilitate the transfer of spatial knowledge and further, can be used by individuals who are blind for the purposes of navigation in real-world environments.”
“Background: The buccal fat pad (BFP) is an encapsulated

mass of adipose tissue thought to enhance the sucking capabilities of the masticatory muscles during infancy. To learn more date, no conclusive evidence has been provided as to the composition of the BFP in early postnatal life. Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine whether the BFP of neonates and infants is primarily composed of white adipose tissue (WAT) or brown adipose tissue (BAT). Materials and Methods: The percentage of fat in the BFP in 32 full-term infants (16 boys and 16 girls), aged one day to 10.6 months, was measured using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) determinations of fat fraction. Results: BFP fat fraction increased with age (r = 0.67; P smaller than .0001) and neonates had significantly lower values when compared to older infants; 72.6 +/- 9.6 vs. 91.8 +/- 2.4, P smaller than .0001.

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