“Preclinical investigations and early clinical trial studies suggest that FLT3 inhibitors offer a viable therapy for acute myeloid leukemia. However, early clinical data for direct FLT3 inhibitors provided only modest results because of the failure to fully inhibit FLT3.
We have designed and synthesized a novel class of 3-phenyl-1H-5-pyrazolylamine-derived compounds as FLT3 inhibitors which exhibit potent FLT3 inhibition and high selectivity toward different receptor tyrosine kinases. The structure-activity relationships led to the discovery of two series of FLT3 inhibitors, and some potent compounds within these two series exhibited comparable potency to FLT3 inhibitors sorafenib (3) and ABT-869 (4) in both wt-FLT3 enzyme inhibition and FLT3-ITD inhibition on cell growth (MOLM-13 and MV4; 11 cells). In particular, the selected
compound 12a Staurosporine exhibited the ability to regress tumors in mouse xenograft models using MOLM-13 and MV4; 11 cells. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Apelin and its mRNA are expressed in several tissues, including the supraoptic and paraventricular nuclei in the hypothalamus. Although apelin is reported to be involved in the regulation of fluid homeostasis, little is known about the postprandial dynamics of apelin in plasma and its regulatory effects on the anterior pituitary hormones of ruminants. Therefore, the aims of this study were to investigate the following: (1) changes in plasma apelin concentrations in response to food Sapanisertib ABT-263 clinical trial intake under conditions of hydration (free access to water) or dehydration (water restriction), and (2) the effects of intravenous administration of apelin
on plasma concentrations of arginine-vasopressin (AVP), ACTH, GH, and insulin. In Experiment 1 with the use of goats, the postprandial plasma apelin concentration was significantly increased under the dehydration condition compared with the hydration condition, and this increase was accompanied by increased plasma concentrations of AVP and ACTH after 24 h of dehydration. In Experiment 2 with the use of sheep and hydration conditions, the intravenous administration of apelin ([Pyr(1)]-apelin-13; 0.5 mg/head) caused a tendency to increase or caused a significant increase in plasma concentrations of AVP, ACTH, GH, insulin, and glucose. On the basis of these findings, we concluded that apelin is involved in the feeding process, and it regulates endocrine functions in the anterior pituitary gland via AVP in ruminant animals. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”
“The prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) is related to age and is projected to rise exponentially as the population ages and the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors increases.