Appl Phys Lett 2005, 87:133113/1–3.CrossRef 27. Patsalas P, Logothetidis S, Sygellou L, Kennou S: Structure-dependent electronic
properties of nanocrystalline cerium oxide films. Phys Rev B 2003, 68:035104.CrossRef Competing interests The authors declare that they have no competing interests. Authors’ contributions NS carried out the nanoparticles synthesis, absorbance measurements, this website and up/down optical conversion setup design and measurements. KM guided NS in the overall work such as the synthesis procedure and fluorescence setup design in addition to the critical revision of the paper. IH and SE contributed critically in the synthesis of the reduced nanoparticles in addition to the manuscript writing. MH and NJ were responsible for XRD measurements and analysis. MC contributed in the nanoparticle synthesis and data collection. NM shared in synthesis procedure guidance and manuscript revision. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.”
“Background Polymeric nanocapsules, which are nanoscale
particles prepared by self-assembling methods and composed of a polymeric wall surrounding an oily core, have been studied to direct drugs toward their targeted therapeutic site of action [1–4]. Due to the lipophilic core, the entrapment of hydrophobic drugs in nanocapsules is more efficient in comparison with polymeric nanospheres [1, 5]. In addition, nanocapsules are more suitable for prolonged release during the sustained phase . Polymeric nanocapsules are referred to as lipid-core nanocapsules when sorbitan monostearate is used together with the triacylglycerol to prepare selleck the nanocapsules forming an organogel as core [7–9]. In general, when an active substance is entrapped in a carrier, the mechanism of action is not only dependent on the interactions
of the substance with the cells and/or tissues but also on the behavior of the carrier within the organism . The fluorescence phenomenon involves the absorption of light at a particular wavelength and the emission of Blasticidin S electromagnetic radiation at higher wavelengths, in the near ultraviolet-visible region, which makes it a technique of high sensitivity where very low concentrations can be detected . Fluorescent techniques can be applied to verify the location of the nanoparticles within Methocarbamol cells or their mechanisms of interaction with cells or tissues [11–15]. For this purpose, a fluorescent dye must be physically entrapped within [16, 17] or chemically bound to [12, 18, 19] the nanocarriers. In the latter case, greater stability of the dye-particle complex can be achieved, and the kinetics of the dye release from the particle should be slower, reducing the possibility of false results. Therefore, the synthesis of the fluorescent materials used to prepare nanoformulations represents a very important step in relation to evaluating their biological behavior.