The results show that it is nontoxic to them, which reveal that it could be used Cisplatin as a promising candidate for drug target delivery system. Methods Reagent materials All chemicals are analytical reagent grade and were used as received. Folic acid is a biological reagent purchased from Sinopharm Chemical Reagent Co., Ltd., Shanghai, China. buy Sepantronium Synthesis of magnetic Fe3O4@SiO2 NPs Monodispersed Fe3O4 NPs were prepared by the thermal decomposition of ferric acetylacetonate
precursor in the presence of an oleic acid stabilizer and oleylamine . SiO2 coating on the Fe3O4 NPs was performed through the formation of water-in-cyclohexane reverse microemulsion  (Figure 1). Figure 1 Synthesis of Fe 3 O 4 @SiO 2 -OCMCS-FA. Polyoxyethylene(5) nonylphenyl ether (5 mL, Igepal CO-520, Sigma-Aldrich, St. Louis, MO, USA) was firstly dispersed in cyclohexane (40 mL). Then, 2 mL Fe3O4 solution (50 mg mL-1 in cyclohexane) was added. After
10 min, ammonium hydroxide (292 μL) was added to form a transparent brown solution of reverse microemulsion. Next, tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS) was added and the reaction was continued at room temperature for 24 h. When isopropanol was added into the reaction solution, Fe3O4@SiO2 VX-770 order NPs were precipitated. They were collected by centrifugation and washed with ethanol. Fe3O4@SiO2 NPs were then Bay 11-7085 dried in vacuum at 60°C. Synthesis of OCMCS-FA conjugate The synthesis of OCMCS-FA conjugate was adopted by homogeneous synthesis through acylation (Figure 2). Folic
acid (0.884 g) was dissolved in 20 mL of anhydrous dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) to which dicyclohexylcarbodiimide (DCC; 0.784 g) and N-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS; 0.256 g) were added. The reaction mixture was stirred for 24 h at 45°C in the dark . The by-product dicyclohexylurea was filtered off, and 20 mL of 30% acetone in diethyl ether was added with stirring. A yellow precipitate (NHS-FA) formed and was collected after washing with diethyl ether several times. Then, 100 mg OCMCS was dissolved in acetate buffer (pH 4.7). A mixture solution of NHS-FA and 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide (EDC) was prepared by dissolving NHS-FA and EDC simultaneously in DMSO. Finally, the mixture solution was dropped into the OCMCS solution. After 24 h, the solution was adjusted to pH 9 with NaOH and purified by centrifugation followed by 2 days of dialysis against phosphate-buffered solution (PBS) and extensive dialysis against water using a 3,500-Da cutoff dialysis membrane. OCMCS-FA was then dried in vacuum at 60°C. Figure 2 Synthesis of OCMCS-FA. Synthesis of Fe3O4@SiO2-OCMCS-FA NPs APTES was anchored to the surface of Fe3O4@SiO2 through refluxing at 110°C in toluene to develop amide in the surface of silica in order to introduce carboxyl groups of OCMCS-FA conjugate.